The iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 Mini (stylized as iPhone 12 mini) are smartphones designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. They are the fourteenth-generation, lower-priced iPhones, succeeding the iPhone 11. They were unveiled at an Apple Special Event, held virtually, on October 13, 2020 alongside the higher-end iPhone 12 Pro and iPhone 12 Pro Max flagships at Apple Park in Cupertino, California. Pre-orders for the iPhone 12 started on October 16, 2020, and the phone became available in most countries on October 23, 2020. Pre-orders for the iPhone 12 Mini began on November 6, 2020, and the phone became available on November 13, 2020.
The major upgrades over the iPhone 11 include the addition of a Super Retina XDR OLED as opposed to the Liquid Retina LED-backlit LCD IPS Panel on the iPhone 11 and XR, 5G support, the introduction of MagSafe, Apple A14 Bionic system on a chip (SoC), high-dynamic-range video Dolby Vision 4K up to 30 fps and a new Mini model. The iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 Mini, like the iPhone 12 Pro and iPhone 12 Pro Max, are the first iPhone models from Apple to no longer include a power adapter or EarPods headphones found in prior iPhone models; however, a USB-C to Lightning cable is still included; and this change was retroactively applied to other iPhone models sold by Apple, such as the iPhone 11 and the second iPhone SE.
It is the first major redesign since the iPhone X, similar to that of iPad Pros since 2018 and the 4th-generation iPad Air. The iPhone 12 and 12 Mini have a new design featuring a flat chassis, a design seen with the iPhone 4 until the iPhone 5S and the original iPhone SE. The notch size is similar to previous iPhone models, despite speculation about a reduction in width. The borders around the display are thinner by 35% than any previous model. The new design also comes with a ceramic-hardened front glass, marketed as Ceramic Shield, while the back retains the previous generation Dual-Ion Exchange strengthened glass.
The iPhone 12 and 12 Mini are available in 5 colors: Black, White, Product Red, Green, and Blue.
The iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 Mini use Apple's six-core A14 Bionic processor, which contains a next-generation neural engine. They both have three internal storage options: 64 GB, 128 GB, and 256 GB. Both also contain an IP68 water and dust-resistant rating along with dirt and grime, and is water-resistant up to six meters (20 feet) for 30 minutes. However, the manufacturer warranty does not cover liquid damage to the phone.
The iPhone 12 series are the first iPhone models to be supplied from launch without EarPods or a wall adapter, which Apple says was done to reduce carbon emissions since most users already own them. A USB-C to Lightning cord is still included. This change also applies retroactively to all other iPhone models still in production. To comply with French law regarding wireless device radiation and health which requires phones to be bundled with and promote use of hands-free accessories by children under 14, iPhone models will still include EarPods in this market.
A magnetic connector known as MagSafe is introduced on the iPhone 12 models, allowing accessories such as cases and charging cords to be attached to the rear of the device. Accessories can also be stacked together.
The devices support 5G cellular communications. This allows upload speeds of up to 200 Mbit/s and download speeds of up to 4 Gbit/s. However, only models sold in the U.S. support the fastest mmWave technology; those sold elsewhere in the world, including Canada, support only sub-6GHz frequency bands. A new feature called Smart Data Mode enables 5G only when necessary to preserve battery life. 5G is not supported if both SIMs (eSIM and physical SIM card) are active. To use 5G, the user must manually disable one line.
The iPhone 12 features a 6.1-inch (15.3-cm) display with Super Retina XDR OLED technology at a resolution of 2532×1170 pixels and a pixel density of about 460 ppi. The iPhone 12 Mini features a 5.4-inch display with the same technology at a resolution of 2340×1080 pixels and a pixel density of about 476 ppi. Both phones have a peak brightness of 1200 nits, equivalent to the iPhone 12 Pro. Both phones also use an improved glass-ceramic covering called Ceramic Shield which is co-developed with Corning Inc. Apple describes it as having "4 times better drop performance" and being "tougher than any smartphone glass".
The iPhone 12 has a 10.78 Wh (2,815 mAh) battery, a slight decrease from the 11.91 Wh (3,110 mAh) battery found in the iPhone 11 and identical to the battery found in the iPhone 12 Pro. The iPhone 12 Mini has a 8.57 Wh (2,227 mAh) battery. The battery is not user-replaceable.
Both the iPhone 12 and 12 Mini have the Apple A14 Bionic, the first ARM-based smartphone system-on-a-chip (SoC) manufactured on the 5 nm process node. However, unlike previous years, they are not the first Apple devices to receive the newest A-series processor, with the fourth-generation iPad Air being the first device from Apple to contain the A14 Bionic. The iPhone 12 Pro and iPhone 12 Pro Max also contain the Apple M14 motion coprocessor. Both phones use Qualcomm's X55 5G modem.
Both phones have two rear 12-megapixel cameras: wide and ultra-wide. The wide camera is a 26mm full-frame equivalent with an f/1.6 aperture (which captures 27% more light than the f/1.8 aperture in the iPhone 11) and a seven-element lens. The ultra-wide camera is a 13mm full-frame equivalent with an f/2.4 aperture and a five-element lens.
Both cameras now support Night Mode for both photo and video in low-light settings at full resolution. The Smart HDR feature has also been improved. This iPhone model is the first capable of shooting 10 bit high dynamic range Dolby Vision 4k video at up to 30 fps which allows for greater brightness and deeper shadows.
The iPhone 12 and 12 Mini include mostly the same sensors found on prior iPhone models going back to the iPhone X. These include an accelerometer, gyroscope, barometer, proximity sensor, ambient light sensor, and a digital compass. The devices also include the Face ID facial recognition system, which is made up of several sensors: mainly a dot projector, flood illuminator, and an infrared camera, allowing a user's face to be scanned and stored by the Secure Enclave.
Both phones run iOS 14. The devices come with the stock iOS apps, such as Safari, Weather, and Messages, and they include Siri, the personal assistant included in iOS.
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